Journal of English Teaching through Movies and Media 2006;7(1):229-246.
Published online June 30, 2006.
The Role of the Present Perfect in Communication: Analysis of American Movies
Nambu Miyuki
This paper focuses on the analysis of the contextualized 502 present perfect expressions from eight American movies with a view to find out the role of the present perfect in communication. The first analysis, the subject use analysis, points out that the present perfect can works in a dual way: it works as a tool of self-disclosure for the speaker and as a tool of understanding speaker's personality makeup for the listener. The second analysis is about what kind of tense follows in the utterance after the present perfect. It turns out that the present perfect is, more often than not, replaced by the present tense, not by the past tense as is often pointed out. In addition, with the statistical result that the speaker and the listener share the present tense almost equally in number, it is possible to conclude that the present perfect has an important role to make a foundation on which both the speaker and the listener can develop a conversation by centering on the present. Consequently, the present perfect has a uniqueness to make it possible for the speaker to lure the listener into the environment of the present-centered communication.
Key Words: present perfect;speaker;listener;communication

Editorial Office
#1219, Bugak building, Kookmin University,
Jeongneung-ro 77, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02707, Korea

Copyright © 2023 by The Society for Teaching English through Media.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next