Journal of English Teaching through Movies and Media 2010;11(1):29-56.
Published online June 30, 2010.
The Reflexivity between TEF and Culture Awareness: Applying Hofstede's Theory to Compare Korean Students before and after TEF
Jeo Kim Eun
The purpose of this study is to examine if there is reflexivity between the TEF (Teaching English through Films) program and cultural awareness. For this study, the researcher applied Hofstede's four dimensions i.e., the study of Power Distance Index (PDI), Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI), Individualism (IDV), and Masculinity (MAS). The survey was conducted by comparing 94 students' cultural awareness before and after two-year TEF program. For the present study, films, as a context reflecting authentic language and culture, were selected and provided along with classroom activities in order to observe the changed culture awareness of students. Both data of 32 students' in-depth interviews and questionnaire were analyzed according to Hofstede's framework and found to be congruent with Hofstede's findings. As expected, the students after the TEF showed statistically significant differences on two dimensions (power distance index and uncertainty avoidance index) but contrary to expectations, changes in the participants on two dimensions (individualism and masculinity) were meager. The results showed that the reflexivity between the TEF program and culture awareness revitalized learning interests with cultural understanding.
Key Words: culture awareness;TEM (Teaching English through Media);Hofstede;TEF (Teaching English through Films) reflexivity;collectivism and individualism;power distance;uncertainty avoidance;masculinity;and feminity
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