Journal of English Teaching through Movies and Media 2002;3(2):65-85.
Published online December 30, 2002.
The effects of English listening strategy training on listening comprehension
Hye Jin Chung
영어 듣기 전략훈련이 듣기능력 향상에 미치는 영향
The purpose of this study was to introduce unfamiliar listening strategies to the students and to evaluate their effects. The listening strategies taught were those which were not commonly used by students, and thus would be effective for the development of the students' listening abilities and strategies. A pre-test was administered to divide the students into more and less proficient groups. Major findings of this study included: Firstly, when metacognitive, cognitive, and social strategies were taught, the students' listening ability improved significantly, with the less proficient group showing greater improvement than the more proficient one. Secondly, students' attitudes toward the strategy training were very positive. The acquisition of metacognitive strategies was effective in creating autonomous language learners who could continue to study English on their own. This study illustrated the active role of learning strategies in second/foreign language acquisition. It also showed the effectiveness of strategy instruction on listening comprehension. It therefore offers English teachers and researchers the opportunity to understand EFL learners' listening processes and where to direct listening strategy instruction. Further studies need to be conducted in more depth, considering the limitations of this study.

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