Journal of English Teaching through Movies and Media 2002;3(2):17-40.
Published online December 30, 2002.
The effect of the use of video on children's listening comprehension, speaking ability, and interest in English
Yung Hwan Kwon, Dong Hwan Kwon
초등영어 학습에서 비디오를 활용한 수업이 학습자의 듣기 이해력과 말하기 능력, 흥미도에 미치는 영향
권영환, 권동환
Abstract
This study was designed to examine the use of video and its effect on children's listening comprehension, speaking ability, and interest in English, using video tapes with pre-viewing, during-viewing, and post-viewing activities in elementary English education. The researchers divided the classes into an experimental and a control class on the basis of the students' interest and speaking/listening abilities in English. The results of this study were as follows: Firstly, children in the experimental class, demonstrated enhanced listening comprehension; and the advanced group was superior to the lower and average ability groups, in the improvement of listening comprehension skills. Secondly, the children in the experimental class showed enhanced speaking ability; and once again, the advanced group was superior to the lower and average ability groups in their improvement. Thirdly, the children in the advanced group of both the experimental and control classes, showed enhanced interest and confidence in learning English, although the difference was not statistically significant. Thus, to the extent of the analytic limits of this study, the researchers would like to make the following suggestions for the benefit of future study. Firstly, teachers should try to make appropriate use of alternate viewing activities to enhance their students' abilities. Secondly, the decrease in the lower ability group's interest, suggests that a judicious application of the viewing activities can reduce the student's affective filter. Thirdly, there can be a considerable enhancement of English skills when video tapes are used diligently with enhanced techniques.


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